Generally, police officers or law enforcement personals need a search warrant before making an invasion in somebody’s privacy. However, many a times situation arises when police often don’t have time to apply for and bring the warrant search and in all these cases they are free to pursue their search operation even without obtaining a warrant search.
So, here we are listing few of those circumstances under which there is no requisition of warrant search in city of Houston TX.
Take a look:
• Consent Searches
One of the most popular and common types of warrantless searches is consent search. Under this situation, a law enforcement officer or police can search the individual’s property or person without mentioning any probable cause or even without a warrant on the basis of individual’s proper authority consent. In the city of Houston, an individual whose property or person is being searched need to first grant his/her voluntarily and freely waiver of fourth amendment rights in order to permit an officer to perform consent search.
• Searches Which are Made in Connection with an Arrest
Many times, we have seen the law enforcement officer/police conducting a search in property or vehicle soon prior to arresting a criminal. In this case, they are legally free to make a warrantless search. So, in the case of domestic violence, shoplifting, the situation of finding drug packets on car seats and in many other related exigent circumstances a police or a law enforcement officer need not go and first secure a warrant search. A police/law enforcement officer can self-determine the generally-accepted exceptions for conducting a warrantless search.
• In Situation of “stop and frisk”
In situations when police find someone with some suspicious motive or arm and weapon then they can approach them and pat them down for conducting a warrantless search. Around the U.S, it is one of the most controversial kinds of warrantless searches that police often use in order to maintain law and order in the society. However, the stop, in this case, is quite different from the arrest and can only be considered as a temporary interference in a suspect’s right to liberty. Also, rather than having a strong probable cause, a police only need to have a reasonable cause to do a “stop and frisk” search.
• The Emergency Exception
The most general legal rule of law permits the police officer/ law enforcement officer to conduct a warrantless search in case of emergency exceptional situations. So, if any kind of jeopardize situation arises which can further lead to damage the protection of the society or loss of any other important evidence by moving, destroying or removing it then police has the power to seize that evidence or person without obtaining a search warrant. A police are free to pursue their search for all kind of emergency exceptional situations.
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